moncler jackets saleugg ͨ؜ugg wholesalemoncler coatsnike af1Christian Louboutin Salemoncler jackets outletugg bailey button kidsugg kids bailey buttonugg boots on sale

Project Co-Sponsors:

Project Funders:

Home > South Asia > Peace Processes > Student Workshops > Student Workshop I

Student Workshop I: Good Friday Agreement : Final Round

Simulation focus: The Belfast (Good Friday) Agreement of 1997 that formally brought an end to the Northern Ireland conflict. Though the way for an agreement had been paved by ceasefires in 1994, talks towards a political settlement had been delayed for the next three years. The ceasefires were essential confidence-building measures, because there were political parties with significant levels of popular support that had close links with terrorist organizations.

The Srinagar Student Workshop

The expectation was that the ceasefires would be quickly followed by talks among all significant political parties in Northern Ireland on a new political dispensation to replace direct rule from London. However, arguments over the terms of the ceasefires delayed talks until September 1997. It was only after the Provisional Irish Republican Army (IRA) abandoned its ceasefire in February 1996 that its political wing, Sinn Fin, received assurances from the British and Irish governments that multi-party talks would be held as soon as the IRA cease-fire was reinstated. The ceasefire was reinstated in July 1997, and talks followed two months later. To everyones astonishment, the talks yielded an agreement.

This simulation is set in the week before the achievement of the Belfast Agreement (also known as the Good Friday Agreement).

The participants are representatives of the Sinn Fein; Social Democratic and Labor Party; Ulster Unionist Party; the US, British and the Irish Governments; and the Democratic Unionist Party. The questions before them are:


What kind of compromises would they be willing to make that would satisfy all the parties involved?


Will a local power-sharing government be part of a possible solution?


What kind of institutional links between the governments in Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland might help mitigate the Northern Ireland imbroglio?


What kind of confidence-building measures could reduce the conflict between the opposing parties?

This simulation and its backgrounders were jointly prepared for the Delhi Policy Group by Professor John Doyle, Dublin City University and Professor Radha Kumar (Director of the Program), with inputs from Professor Adrian Guelke of Queens University Belfast.

  Student Workshop I:
Text written by Radha Kumar and Ellora Puri.
Copyright, Radha Kumar, 2007.